How can I get there?
From Athens, you can get to Elafonisos by taking the Athens-Corinth National Highway.
After Corinth, take a left following the signs that direct you towards Tripoli. As soon as you pass Tripoli and making sure that you are still on the National Highway, you meet up with signs that direct you towards Sparta. As soon as you arrive in Sparta, follow the signs that direct you towards Monemvassia-Neapolis. After you pass the Sparta Army base, you will meet up with the new road (the new bridge) towards Monemvassia-Neapolis which will take you towards Skala, Lakonias.
Upon arriving in Skala, there are two options from which you may choose.
From Neapolis you may visit the beautiful villages, which can be found near by:
The “fresh” one, Lachi, with the big sycamores; Paradeisi, where you can visit the Byzantine monastery of Virgin Mary and the folklore museum; Kastania, with Taxiarchis’ holly temple with the beautiful hagiographies. If you visit Kastania, do not omit to visit the newly discovered cave of Kastania, situated at Aghios Andreas, with the magnificent stalagmites and stalactites.
Also Archangelos, Profitis Ilias (highly suggested) and Plytra are fabulous little villages great for bathing and enjoying fresh fish.
Pavlopetri is a small islet opposite Elafonisos, Laconia.
Archeological finds in the region of Elafonisos record that the area was inhabited since ancient times.
Between the islet and land lies an ancient city, submerged a few meters below the surface, aged about five millennia. It is a unique city having a specific plan with streets, buildings and a cemetery that was discovered in 1967 by Nicholas Fleming and mapped in 1968 by the Cambridge University team. There are at least 15 buildings at a depth of 3-4 meters and a recent research in 2009 revealed that it extends to 9 acres.
The fact that the city sank helped to maintain current findings since the area was not used for agriculture and was not built again after the disaster. Despite the physical destruction by water over the centuries, the layout of the city is as it was thousands of years ago.
A research in 2009 helped greatly to map the city.
It is the first submerged town that was regenerated digitally in three dimensions. Since October 2009, four other site investigations were planned in cooperation with Greek services and international universities and scientists. These researches included excavations. One of the results of these researches was to prove that the city was the center of a thriving textile industry. Also, several large jars from Crete were found in the area, which reveals that the city was a major trading port.
The work of the archaeological team was gathered in a documentary aired on BBC 2 in 2011.